General Skilled Migration (GSM) visa program is designed to attract migrants who make a significant contribution to the Australian economy and fill positions where no Australian workers are available.  This program includes permanent or temporary visas which allow people to live and work in Australia. Some of the most popular visa subclasses are subclass 189 and 190 (Permanent Residency visa) and 491 (Provisional Permanent Residency visa). 

Key features of GSM visas:

  1. Point tested:
    • These are the point tested visa subclasses that require a minimum of 65 points on a point table to get invited
  2. Skillselect:
    • The Department of Home Affairs introduced The Australian Skillselect system on 1 July 2012. Skillselect is an online system through which you have to lodge an Expression of Interest (EOI).
  3. Expression of Interest (EOI)
    • EOI is NOT a visa application and doesn’t give you a bridging visa. It only indicates that you would like to be considered for a skilled visa. Once invited to apply for a GSM visa, you must submit your visa within 60 days. 
  4. Nominated Occupation:
General requirements of GSM visas:

  • You must be under 45 years of age
  • You must score a minimum of 65 points on the point test
  • Positive skill assessment outcome
  • Must have competent English at the time of invitation
  • Be invited to apply 
  • Meet the health requirements
  • Meet the character requirements

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Skilled Independent subclass 189 Visa

Skilled Nominated Subclass 190 Visa is the point-tested skilled visa that allows highly skilled workers to live and work permanently in Australia. You must have been nominated for this visa by an Australian state or territory government agency. And, all state and territory government agencies have their criteria and skilled occupations list to be nominated. 

All state and territory government agencies:


  • Stay in Australia permanently
  • Access to government-subsidized healthcare (Medicare),
  • Work and study anywhere in Australia
  • If eligible, may become an Australian Citizen
  • Sponsor eligible relatives for the permanent residence

  1. You must be under 45 years of age
  2. You must score a minimum of 65 points on the point test
  3. Positive skill assessment outcome in an occupation on Skilled Occupation List. 
  4. Must have competent English at the time of invitation
  5. Be invited to apply 
  6. Meet the health requirements
  7. Meet the character requirements

  1. Check if your occupation is on the Skilled Occupation List 
  2. Ensure you meet all the eligibility requirements and you have a minimum of 65 points
  3. Submit an Expression of Interest (EOI) through Skillselect 
  4. Wait to receive an invitation to lodge an SC 189 visa
  5. Collect all the required documents 
  6. Lodge SC 189 visa within 60 days of Invitation
  7. Visa outcome